Z-Score RSI StrategyOverview
The Z-Score RSI Indicator is an experimental take on momentum analysis. By applying the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to a Z-score of price data, it measures how far prices deviate from their mean, scaled by standard deviation. This isn’t your traditional use of RSI, which is typically based on price data alone. Nevertheless, this unconventional approach can yield unique insights into market trends and potential reversals.
Theory and Interpretation
The RSI calculates the balance between average gains and losses over a set period, outputting values from 0 to 100. Typically, people look at the overbought or oversold levels to identify momentum extremes that might be likely to lead to a reversal. However, I’ve often found that RSI can be effective for trend-following when observing the crossover of its moving average with the midline or the crossover of the RSI with its own moving average. These crossovers can provide useful trend signals in various market conditions.
By combining RSI with a Z-score of price, this indicator estimates the relative strength of the price’s distance from its mean. Positive Z-score trends may signal a potential for higher-than-average prices in the near future (scaled by the standard deviation), while negative trends suggest the opposite. Essentially, when the Z-Score RSI indicates a trend, it reflects that the Z-score (the distance between the average and current price) is likely to continue moving in the trend’s direction. Generally, this signals a potential price movement, though it’s important to note that this could also occur if there’s a shift in the mean or standard deviation, rather than a meaningful change in price itself.
While the Z-Score RSI could be an insightful addition to a comprehensive trading system, it should be interpreted carefully. Mean shifts may validate the indicator’s predictions without necessarily indicating any notable price change, meaning it’s best used in tandem with other indicators or strategies.
Recommendations
Before putting this indicator to use, conduct thorough backtesting and avoid overfitting. The added parameters allow fine-tuning to fit various assets, but be careful not to optimize purely for the highest historical returns. Doing so may create an overly tailored strategy that performs well in backtests but fails in live markets. Keep it balanced and look for robust performance across multiple scenarios, as overfitting is likely to lead to disappointing real-world results.

# Score

Fetch Z-scoreThis script is enspired by the creator of the Z-score probability indicator made by www.tradingview.com
I took his calculation for the z-score and created my own strategy based on that z-score.
What is z-score? The Z-score represents how far the current price deviates from the moving average, measured in terms of standard deviations
What does this script do with the Z-score?
The script offers several customizable options, including displaying buy and sell signals based on Z-score thresholds and overlaying these signals directly on the chart or below/above the bars.
The idea is that when the Z-score exceeds a certain treshold, a count will start. The count will lead to a signal. For example: Say the Z-score dipped below -1. From there, the script will by default count whether the current Z-score is higher than the Z-score of the past 10 datapoints. If so, a buy signal will be printed on the chart. The idea is that the Z-score will creep up after a low, making sure you buy earyly in the new uptrend, making this a trend followiung system, with early trend detection.
You can choose whether you want the buy and sell signals on the seperate pane, or on the chart by toggeling a simple setting.
What are my favorite settings?
- Timeframe: weekly
- SMA Length: 75
- Z score buy treshold: -1.5
- Z score sell treshold: 3
- Lookback buy period: 20
- Lookback sell period: 20

HMA Z-Score Probability Indicator by Erika BarkerThis indicator is a modified version of SteverSteves's original work, enhanced by Erika Barker. It visually represents asset price movements in terms of standard deviations from a Hull Moving Average (HMA), commonly known as a Z-Score.
Key Features:
Z-Score Calculation: Measures how many standard deviations the current price is from its HMA.
Hull Moving Average (HMA): This moving average provides a more responsive baseline for Z-Score calculations.
Flexible Display: Offers both area and candlestick visualization options for the Z-Score.
Probability Zones: Color-coded areas showing the statistical likelihood of prices based on their Z-Score.
Dynamic Price Level Labels: Displays actual price levels corresponding to Z-Score values.
Z-Table: An optional table showing the probability of occurrence for different Z-Score ranges.
Standard Deviation Lines: Horizontal lines at each standard deviation level for easy reference.
How It Works:
The indicator calculates the Z-Score by comparing the current price to its HMA and dividing by the standard deviation. This Z-Score is then plotted on a separate pane below the main chart.
Green areas/candles: Indicate prices above the HMA (positive Z-Score)
Red areas/candles: Indicate prices below the HMA (negative Z-Score)
Color-coded zones:
Green: Within 1 standard deviation (high probability)
Yellow: Between 1 and 2 standard deviations (medium probability)
Red: Beyond 2 standard deviations (low probability)
The HMA line (white) shows the trend of the Z-Score itself, offering insight into whether the asset is becoming more or less volatile over time.
Customization Options:
Adjust lookback periods for Z-Score and HMA calculations
Toggle between area and candlestick display
Show/hide probability fills, Z-Table, HMA line, and standard deviation bands
Customize text color and decimal rounding for price levels
Interpretation:
This indicator helps traders identify potential overbought or oversold conditions based on statistical probabilities. Extreme Z-Score values (beyond ±2 or ±3) often suggest a higher likelihood of mean reversion, while consistent Z-Scores in one direction may indicate a strong trend.
By combining the Z-Score with the HMA and probability zones, traders can gain a nuanced understanding of price movements relative to recent trends and their statistical significance.

Composite Z-Score with Linear Regression Bands [UAlgo]The Composite Z-Score with Linear Regression Bands is a technical indicator designed to provide traders with a comprehensive analysis of price momentum, volatility, and volume. By combining multiple moving averages with slope analysis, volume/volatility compression-expansion metrics, and Z-Score calculations, this indicator aims to highlight potential breakout and breakdown points with high accuracy. The inclusion of linear regression bands further enhances the analysis by providing dynamic support and resistance levels, which adapt to market conditions. This makes the indicator particularly useful in identifying overbought/oversold conditions, volume squeezes, and the overall direction of the trend.
🔶 Key Features
Multi-Length Slope Calculation: The indicator uses multiple Hull Moving Averages (HMA) across various lengths to calculate slope angles, which are then converted into Z-Scores. This helps in capturing both short-term and long-term price momentum.
Volume/Volatility Composite Analysis: By calculating a composite value derived from both volume and volatility, the indicator identifies periods of compression (squeezes) and expansion, which are crucial for detecting potential breakout opportunities.
Linear Regression Bands: The inclusion of dynamic linear regression bands provides traders with adaptive support and resistance levels. These bands are enhanced by the composite value, which adjusts the band width based on market conditions, offering a clearer view of possible price reversals.
Overbought/Oversold Detection: The indicator highlights overbought and oversold conditions by comparing Z-Scores against the upper and lower bounds of the regression bands, which can signal potential reversal points.
Customizable Inputs: Users can customize key parameters such as the lengths of the moving averages, the regression band period, and the number of deviations used for the bands, allowing for flexibility in adapting the indicator to different market environments.
🔶 Interpreting the Indicator
Z-Score Plots: The individual Z-Score plots represent the normalized slope of the Hull Moving Averages over different periods. Positive values indicate upward momentum, while negative values suggest downward momentum. The combined Z-Sum provides a broader view of the overall market momentum.
Composite Value: The composite value is a ratio of volume to volatility, which highlights periods of market compression and expansion. When the composite value rises, it suggests increasing market activity, often preceding a breakout.
Why are we calculating values for multiple lengths?
The Composite Z-Score with Linear Regression Bands indicator employs a multi-timeframe analysis by calculating Z-scores for various moving average lengths. This approach provides a more comprehensive view of market dynamics and helps to identify trends and potential reversals across different timeframes. By considering multiple lengths, we can:
Capture a broader range of market behaviors: Different moving average lengths capture different aspects of price movement. Shorter lengths are more sensitive to recent price changes, while longer lengths provide a smoother representation of the underlying trend.
Reduce the impact of noise: By combining Z-scores from multiple lengths, we can help to filter out some of the noise that can be present in shorter-term data and obtain a more robust signal.
Enhance the reliability of signals: When Z-scores from multiple lengths align, it can increase the confidence in the identified trend or potential reversal. This can help to reduce the likelihood of false signals.
In essence, calculating values for multiple lengths allows the indicator to provide a more nuanced and reliable assessment of market conditions, making it a valuable tool for traders and analysts.
Linear Regression Bands: The central line represents the linear regression of the Z-Sum, while the upper and lower bands represent the dynamic resistance and support levels, respectively. The deviation from the regression line indicates the strength of the current trend. When price moves beyond these bands, it may signal an overbought (above upper band) or oversold (below lower band) condition.
Volume/Volatility Squeeze: When the price moves between the regression bands and the volume/volatility-adjusted bands, the market is in a squeeze. Breakouts from this squeeze can lead to significant price moves, which are indicated by the filling of areas between the Z-Score plots and the bands.
Color Interpretation: The indicator uses color changes to make it easier to interpret the data. Teal colors generally indicate upward momentum or strong conditions, while red suggests downward momentum or weakening conditions. The intensity of the color reflects the strength of the signal.
Overbought/Oversold Signals: The indicator marks potential overbought and oversold conditions when Z-Scores cross above or below the upper and lower regression bands, respectively. These signals are crucial for identifying potential reversal points in the market.
🔶 Disclaimer
Use with Caution: This indicator is provided for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered as financial advice. Users should exercise caution and perform their own analysis before making trading decisions based on the indicator's signals.
Not Financial Advice: The information provided by this indicator does not constitute financial advice, and the creator (UAlgo) shall not be held responsible for any trading losses incurred as a result of using this indicator.
Backtesting Recommended: Traders are encouraged to backtest the indicator thoroughly on historical data before using it in live trading to assess its performance and suitability for their trading strategies.
Risk Management: Trading involves inherent risks, and users should implement proper risk management strategies, including but not limited to stop-loss orders and position sizing, to mitigate potential losses.
No Guarantees: The accuracy and reliability of the indicator's signals cannot be guaranteed, as they are based on historical price data and past performance may not be indicative of future results.

Buy-Sell-Hold RecommendationsDescription:
The indicator displays "recommendations" for the active symbol (Buy, Strong buy, Sell, Strong sell or Hold), based on the Tradingview's recommendations data. There are 3 presentations you can choose from:
- Bar -> displays a vertical/horizontal bar with sections for each rating
- Pie chart -> displays a pie chart with sections
- Table -> displays a table with score for each recommendation
Inputs:
- Display mode -> data presentation mode
- Position -> position of the bar/pie chart/table
- Highlight the highest rating -> recommendation(s) with highest score will be highlighted
- Buy, Strong buy, Sell, etc. -> colors of the "bar" sections
- Pixel Width, Pixel Height, etc. -> size of each "pixel" (cell) of the pie chart
- Resolution (X), Resolution (Y) -> how many pixels (cells) the pie chart has on each axis
- Inner area size (%) -> size of the empty space at the center of the pie chart
- Invert theme -> invert coloring scheme for "table" presentation mode
Notes:
- Tradingview seems to provide the recommendations only for major stocks
- Data is taken directly from Tradingview and is based on opinions of "analysts"

Moving Average Z-Score Suite [BackQuant]Moving Average Z-Score Suite
1. What is this indicator
The Moving Average Z-Score Suite is a versatile indicator designed to help traders identify and capitalize on market trends by utilizing a variety of moving averages. This indicator transforms selected moving averages into a Z-Score oscillator, providing clear signals for potential buy and sell opportunities. The indicator includes options to choose from eleven different moving average types, each offering unique benefits and characteristics. It also provides additional features such as standard deviation levels, extreme levels, and divergence detection, enhancing its utility in various market conditions.
2. What is a Z-Score
A Z-Score is a statistical measurement that describes a value's relationship to the mean of a group of values. It is measured in terms of standard deviations from the mean. For instance, a Z-Score of 1.0 means the value is one standard deviation above the mean, while a Z-Score of -1.0 indicates it is one standard deviation below the mean. In the context of financial markets, Z-Scores can be used to identify overbought or oversold conditions by determining how far a particular value (such as a moving average) deviates from its historical mean.
3. What moving averages can be used
The Moving Average Z-Score Suite allows users to select from the following eleven moving averages:
Simple Moving Average (SMA)
Hull Moving Average (HMA)
Exponential Moving Average (EMA)
Weighted Moving Average (WMA)
Double Exponential Moving Average (DEMA)
Running Moving Average (RMA)
Linear Regression Curve (LINREG) (This script can be found standalone )
Triple Exponential Moving Average (TEMA)
Arnaud Legoux Moving Average (ALMA)
Kalman Hull Moving Average (KHMA)
T3 Moving Average
Each of these moving averages has distinct properties and reacts differently to price changes, allowing traders to select the one that best fits their trading style and market conditions.
4. Why Turning a Moving Average into a Z-Score is Innovative and Its Benefits
Transforming a moving average into a Z-Score is an innovative approach because it normalizes the moving average values, making them more comparable across different periods and instruments. This normalization process helps in identifying extreme price movements and mean-reversion opportunities more effectively. By converting the moving average into a Z-Score, traders can better gauge the relative strength or weakness of a trend and detect potential reversals. This method enhances the traditional moving average analysis by adding a statistical perspective, providing clearer and more objective trading signals.
5. How It Can Be Used in the Context of a Trading System
In a trading system, it can be used to generate buy and sell signals based on the Z-Score values. When the Z-Score crosses above zero, it indicates a potential buying opportunity, suggesting that the price is above its mean and possibly trending upward. Conversely, a Z-Score crossing below zero signals a potential selling opportunity, indicating that the price is below its mean and might be trending downward. Additionally, the indicator's ability to show standard deviation levels and extreme levels helps traders set profit targets and stop-loss levels, improving risk management and trade planning.
6. How It Can Be Used for Trend Following
For trend-following strategies, it can be particularly useful. The Z-Score oscillator helps traders identify the strength and direction of a trend. By monitoring the Z-Score and its rate of change, traders can confirm the persistence of a trend and make informed decisions to enter or exit trades. The indicator's divergence detection feature further enhances trend-following by identifying potential reversals before they occur, allowing traders to capitalize on trend shifts. By providing a clear and quantifiable measure of trend strength, this indicator supports disciplined and systematic trend-following strategies.
No backtests for this indicator due to the many options and ways it can be used,
Enjoy

MVRV-Z adjusted EN version (by ilyaevp95)Descriptions:
The MVRV Z-Score indicator is a powerful tool designed by original authors Murad Mahmudov and David Puell for BTC to help traders make informed decisions about their cryptocurrency investments. It is based on the MVRV (Market Value to Realized Value) metric, which measures the relationship between the market capitalization and the realized capitalization of a cryptocurrency. The indicator provides signals for accumulating or selling an asset based on deviations in market capitalization from realized capitalization.
How it works:
Market Capitalization : This is the total value of coins that have been issued at a given point in time. Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying the current price of the asset by the number of coins that have been issued.
Realized Capitalization (Realized Price) : This is the amount of money that has been spent on purchasing a particular asset. In the context of cryptocurrencies, it represents the sum of all transaction values for a specific blockchain. Realized capitalization can be calculated using historical data on transaction prices.
MVRV Metric : The MVRV metric compares market capitalization with realized capitalization, providing a measure of how overvalued or undervalued a cryptocurrency is relative to its historical transaction data. A high MVRV value indicates that the market is overvaluing the asset, while a low MVRV suggests undervaluation.
Z-Score Calculation : The Z-score is a statistical measure that normalizes the deviation of market capitalization from its mean value (realized capitalization) to a standard deviation. This makes it possible to compare assets that have different values and time periods, as it takes into account the volatility of the market.
Note: For accurate Z-score calculation, you need to use the indicator on a chart with a mostly complete historical data set for a specific cryptocurrency.
Signals : Based on the Z-score, the indicator generates signals for accumulation or sale. If the Z-score falls below a certain threshold (negative), it may indicate an opportunity to accumulate the asset. Conversely, if the Z-score rises above a positive threshold, it could suggest a potential sell signal.
The indicator uses a color-coded system to provide traders with visual cues:
Green background indicates a signal to accumulate.
Orange (Red) background indicates a signal to sell.
Deviations exceeding the specified thresholds by 1 and 2 Z (positive direction), 0.5 and 1 Z (negative direction) are highlighted in a brighter color, indicating more extreme deviations.
Note: The signals provided by this indicator should not be considered financial advice. Traders should conduct their own research (DYOR) before making any investment decisions.
Parameters: The indicator provides several parameters for customization:
Blockchain : The blockchain for which the analysis is performed. This allows the user to select the specific blockchain they are interested in analyzing. The default value is BTC.
Z threshold for positive deviations : This parameter sets the threshold above which the deviation will be considered positive. A higher value will result in fewer signals, while a lower value may generate more false signals. The default value is 3.0.
Z threshold for negative deviations : Similar to the previous parameter, this sets the threshold below which the deviation will be considered negative. The default value is 0.
Market Capitalization : There are two types of market capitalization available: Standard and Free float coin capitalization. Free float is calculated by multiplying its current price by the total number of units in free circulation - the number that are not locked in any contracts or other forms of restriction. For DASH, ZEC, BAT and ALGO available only Free float capitalization. The default value is "Standard"
Negative Deviation Filter Mode : When enabled, if the deviation has been positive for a certain number of previous weeks (the default value is 40 weeks), the indicator will not generate a signal to accumulate. This helps to avoid false signals during the start of a bearish market. This may be helpful for volatile coins, whose price can drastically fall below the realized price after the end of a bull market. The default setting is "disabled".
Display Options:
MVRV plot : Displays the MVRV metric for the selected blockchain.
Z-Score plot : Shows the Z-score calculated by the indicator.
Realized Price plot : Provides a visual representation of the realized price of the cryptocurrency on main chart.
S ignal Display : Choose whether to display signals on the main chart or in a separate panel.
Historical mode : Choose whether to show signals for all historical data on the chart or for a certain number of periods. The default setting is "disabled".

Stochastic Z-Score Oscillator Strategy [TradeDots]The "Stochastic Z-Score Oscillator Strategy" represents an enhanced approach to the original "Buy Sell Strategy With Z-Score" trading strategy. Our upgraded Stochastic model incorporates an additional Stochastic Oscillator layer on top of the Z-Score statistical metrics, which bolsters the affirmation of potential price reversals.
We also revised our exit strategy to when the Z-Score revert to a level of zero. This amendment gives a much smaller drawdown, resulting in a better win-rate compared to the original version.
HOW DOES IT WORK
The strategy operates by calculating the Z-Score of the closing price for each candlestick. This allows us to evaluate how significantly the current price deviates from its typical volatility level.
The strategy first takes the scope of a rolling window, adjusted to the user's preference. This window is used to compute both the standard deviation and mean value. With these values, the strategic model finalizes the Z-Score. This determination is accomplished by subtracting the mean from the closing price and dividing the resulting value by the standard deviation.
Following this, the Stochastic Oscillator is utilized to affirm the Z-Score overbought and oversold indicators. This indicator operates within a 0 to 100 range, so a base adjustment to match the Z-Score scale is required. Post Stochastic Oscillator calculation, we recalibrate the figure to lie within the -4 to 4 range.
Finally, we compute the average of both the Stochastic Oscillator and Z-Score, signaling overpriced or underpriced conditions when the set threshold of positive or negative is breached.
APPLICATION
Firstly, it is better to identify a stable trading pair for this technique, such as two stocks with considerable correlation. This is to ensure conformance with the statistical model's assumption of a normal Gaussian distribution model. The ideal performance is theoretically situated within a sideways market devoid of skewness.
Following pair selection, the user should refine the span of the rolling window. A broader window smoothens the mean, more accurately capturing long-term market trends, while potentially enhancing volatility. This refinement results in fewer, yet precise trading signals.
Finally, the user must settle on an optimal Z-Score threshold, which essentially dictates the timing for buy/sell actions when the Z-Score exceeds with thresholds. A positive threshold signifies the price veering away from its mean, triggering a sell signal. Conversely, a negative threshold denotes the price falling below its mean, illustrating an underpriced condition that prompts a buy signal.
Within a normal distribution, a Z-Score of 1 records about 68% of occurrences centered at the mean, while a Z-Score of 2 captures approximately 95% of occurrences.
The 'cool down period' is essentially the number of bars that await before the next signal generation. This feature is employed to dodge the occurrence of multiple signals in a short period.
DEFAULT SETUP
The following is the default setup on EURAUD 1h timeframe
Rolling Window: 80
Z-Score Threshold: 2.8
Signal Cool Down Period: 5
Stochastic Length: 14
Stochastic Smooth Period: 7
Commission: 0.01%
Initial Capital: $10,000
Equity per Trade: 40%
FURTHER IMPLICATION
The Stochastic Oscillator imparts minimal impact on the current strategy. As such, it may be beneficial to adjust the weightings between the Z-Score and Stochastic Oscillator values or the scale of Stochastic Oscillator to test different performance outcomes.
Alternative momentum indicators such as Keltner Channels or RSI could also serve as robust confirmations of overbought and oversold signals when used for verification.
RISK DISCLAIMER
Trading entails substantial risk, and most day traders incur losses. All content, tools, scripts, articles, and education provided by TradeDots serve purely informational and educational purposes. Past performances are not definitive predictors of future results.

Price Based Z-Trend - Strategy [presentTrading]█ Introduction and How it is Different
Z-score: a statistical measurement of a score's relationship to the mean in a group of scores.
Simple but effective approach.
The "Price Based Z-Trend - Strategy " leverages the Z-score, a statistical measure that gauges the deviation of a price from its moving average, normalized against its standard deviation. This strategy stands out due to its simplicity and effectiveness, particularly in markets where price movements often revert to a mean. Unlike more complex systems that might rely on a multitude of indicators, the Z-Trend strategy focuses on clear, statistically significant price movements, making it ideal for traders who prefer a streamlined, data-driven approach.
BTCUSD 6h LS Performance
█ Strategy, How It Works: Detailed Explanation
🔶 Calculation of the Z-score
"Z-score is a statistical measurement that describes a value's relationship to the mean of a group of values. Z-score is measured in terms of standard deviations from the mean. If a Z-score is 0, it indicates that the data point's score is identical to the mean score. A Z-score of 1.0 would indicate a value that is one standard deviation from the mean. Z-scores may be positive or negative, with a positive value indicating the score is above the mean and a negative score indicating it is below the mean."
The Z-score is central to this strategy. It is calculated by taking the difference between the current price and the Exponential Moving Average (EMA) of the price over a user-defined length, then dividing this by the standard deviation of the price over the same length:
z = (x - μ) /σ
Local
🔶 Trading Signals
Trading signals are generated based on the Z-score crossing predefined thresholds:
- Long Entry: When the Z-score crosses above the positive threshold.
- Long Exit: When the Z-score falls below the negative threshold.
- Short Entry: When the Z-score falls below the negative threshold.
- Short Exit: When the Z-score rises above the positive threshold.
█ Trade Direction
The strategy allows users to select their preferred trading direction through an input option.
█ Usage
To use this strategy effectively, traders should first configure the Z-score thresholds according to their risk tolerance and market volatility. It's also crucial to adjust the length for the EMA and standard deviation calculations based on historical performance and the expected "noise" in price data.
The strategy is designed to be flexible, allowing traders to refine settings to better capture profitable opportunities in specific market conditions.
█ Default Settings
- Trade Direction: Both
- Standard Deviation Length: 100
- Average Length: 100
- Threshold for Z-score: 1.0
- Bar Color Indicator: Enabled
These settings offer a balanced starting point but can be customized to suit various trading styles and market environments. The strategy's parameters are designed to be adjusted as traders gain experience and refine their approach based on ongoing market analysis.
Z-score is a must-learn approach for every algorithmic trader.

Buy Sell Strategy With Z-Score [TradeDots]The "Buy Sell Strategy With Z-Score" is a trading strategy that harnesses Z-Score statistical metrics to identify potential pricing reversals, for opportunistic buying and selling opportunities.
HOW DOES IT WORK
The strategy operates by calculating the Z-Score of the closing price for each candlestick. This allows us to evaluate how significantly the current price deviates from its typical volatility level.
The strategy first takes the scope of a rolling window, adjusted to the user's preference. This window is used to compute both the standard deviation and mean value. With these values, the strategic model finalizes the Z-Score. This determination is accomplished by subtracting the mean from the closing price and dividing the resulting value by the standard deviation.
This approach provides an estimation of the price's departure from its traditional trajectory, thereby identifying market conditions conducive to an asset being overpriced or underpriced.
APPLICATION
Firstly, it is better to identify a stable trading pair for this technique, such as two stocks with considerable correlation. This is to ensure conformance with the statistical model's assumption of a normal Gaussian distribution model. The ideal performance is theoretically situated within a sideways market devoid of skewness.
Following pair selection, the user should refine the span of the rolling window. A broader window smoothens the mean, more accurately capturing long-term market trends, while potentially enhancing volatility. This refinement results in fewer, yet precise trading signals.
Finally, the user must settle on an optimal Z-Score threshold, which essentially dictates the timing for buy/sell actions when the Z-Score exceeds with thresholds. A positive threshold signifies the price veering away from its mean, triggering a sell signal. Conversely, a negative threshold denotes the price falling below its mean, illustrating an underpriced condition that prompts a buy signal.
Within a normal distribution, a Z-Score of 1 records about 68% of occurrences centered at the mean, while a Z-Score of 2 captures approximately 95% of occurrences.
The 'cool down period' is essentially the number of bars that await before the next signal generation. This feature is employed to dodge the occurrence of multiple signals in a short period.
DEFAULT SETUP
The following is the default setup on EURUSD 1h timeframe
Rolling Window: 80
Z-Score Threshold: 2.8
Signal Cool Down Period: 5
Commission: 0.03%
Initial Capital: $10,000
Equity per Trade: 30%
RISK DISCLAIMER
Trading entails substantial risk, and most day traders incur losses. All content, tools, scripts, articles, and education provided by TradeDots serve purely informational and educational purposes. Past performances are not definitive predictors of future results.

Financials ScoreThe Pine Script you've provided is designed to compute and display a "Financials Score" for a security based on several key financial metrics. This script is structured to run as an independent indicator on the TradingView platform, appearing in a separate pane rather than overlaying on the main price chart. Here's a breakdown of the script's components and functionality:
User Inputs
- **Period Selection**: Users can choose between 'FQ' (Financial Quarter) and 'FY' (Financial Year) to specify the period for which financial data should be considered.
- **Display Settings**: Allows customization of the table's appearance with inputs for text size, text color, data text color, and panel background color. These inputs help tailor the visual representation to the user's preferences.
- **Table Position**: Users can choose where to position any table within the indicator pane from several options like top left, top center, top right, etc.
- **Show Status Column**: A boolean input to decide whether to show an additional status column in any table outputs.
### Financial Metrics
The script retrieves various financial data points using the `request.financial` function. The data retrieved includes:
- **Operating Margin** (`opmar`)
- **Earnings Per Share (Basic)** (`eps`)
- **Price to Earnings Ratio** (`pe_ratio`)
- **Price to Book Ratio** (`pb_ratio`)
- **Debt to Equity Ratio** (`de_ratio`)
- **Return on Equity Adjusted to Book Value** (`roe_pb`)
- **Piotroski F-Score** (`fscore`)
### Scoring Logic
A scoring system is implemented where each financial metric contributes points to a total score based on specified conditions:
- **Operating Margin**: +20 points if greater than 20%.
- **EPS**: +20 points if greater than 0.
- **P/E Ratio**: +10 points if between 0 and 20.
- **P/B Ratio**: +10 points if less than 3.
- **D/E Ratio**: +10 points if less than 0.8.
- **ROE/PB Ratio**: +20 points if greater than 5.
- **F-Score**: +10 points if greater than 5.
The script uses ternary operators to conditionally add points to the `total_score` variable based on these criteria.
### Output
- **`plot` function**: The total score is plotted as a line graph in the indicator pane, allowing users to visually track the financial health score over time.
### Overall Functionality
This script is valuable for investors or traders who want to quickly assess the financial health of a company using key metrics and visualize this assessment directly within the TradingView interface. The score provides a simplified aggregate view that can aid in making investment decisions based on financial fundamentals.

Ohlson O-Score IndicatorThe Ohlson O-Score is a financial metric developed by Olof Ohlson to predict the probability of a company experiencing financial distress. It is widely used by investors and analysts as a key tool for financial analysis.
Inputs:
Period: Select the financial period for analysis, either "FY" (Fiscal Year) or "FQ" (Fiscal Quarter).
Country: Specify the country for Gross Net Product data. This helps in tailoring the analysis to specific economic conditions.
Gross Net Product : Define the number of years back for the index to be set at 100. This parameter provides a historical context for the analysis.
Table Display : Customize the display of various tables to suit your preference and analytical needs.
Key Features:
Predictive Power : The Ohlson O-Score is renowned for its predictive power in assessing the financial health of a company. It incorporates multiple financial ratios and indicators to provide a comprehensive view.
Financial Distress Prediction : Use the O-Score to gauge the likelihood of a company facing financial distress in the future. It's a valuable tool for risk assessment.
Country-Specific Analysis : Tailor the analysis to the economic conditions of a specific country, ensuring a more accurate evaluation of financial health.
Historical Context : Set the Gross Net Product index at a specific historical point, allowing for a deeper understanding of how a company's financial health has evolved over time.
How to Use:
Select Period : Choose either Fiscal Year or Fiscal Quarter based on your preference.
Specify Country : Input the country for country-specific Gross Net Product data.
Set Historical Context : Determine the number of years back for the index to be set at 100, providing historical context to your analysis.
Custom Table Display : Personalize the display of various tables to focus on the metrics that matter most to you.
Calculation and component description
Here is the description of O-score components as found in orginal Ohlson publication :
1. SIZE = log(total assets/GNP price-level index). The index assumes a base value of 100 for 1968. Total assets are as reported in dollars. The index year is as of the year prior to the year of the balance sheet date. The procedure assures a real-time implementation of the model. The log transform has an important implication. Suppose two firms, A and B, have a balance sheet date in the same year, then the sign of PA - Pe is independent of the price-level index. (This will not follow unless the log transform is applied.) The latter is, of course, a desirable property.
2. TLTA = Total liabilities divided by total assets.
3. WCTA = Working capital divided by total assets.
4. CLCA = Current liabilities divided by current assets.
5. OENEG = One if total liabilities exceeds total assets, zero otherwise.
6. NITA = Net income divided by total assets.
7. FUTL = Funds provided by operations divided by total liabilities
8. INTWO = One if net income was negative for the last two years, zero otherwise.
9. CHIN = (NI, - NI,-1)/(| NIL + (NI-|), where NI, is net income for the most recent period. The denominator acts as a level indicator. The variable is thus intended to measure change in net income. (The measure appears to be due to McKibben ).
Interpretation
The foundational model for the O-Score evolved from an extensive study encompassing over 2000 companies, a notable leap from its predecessor, the Altman Z-Score, which examined a mere 66 companies. In direct comparison, the O-Score demonstrates significantly heightened accuracy in predicting bankruptcy within a 2-year horizon.
While the original Z-Score boasted an estimated accuracy of over 70%, later iterations reached impressive levels of 90%. Remarkably, the O-Score surpasses even these high benchmarks in accuracy.
It's essential to acknowledge that no mathematical model achieves 100% accuracy. While the O-Score excels in forecasting bankruptcy or solvency, its precision can be influenced by factors both internal and external to the formula.
For the O-Score, any results exceeding 0.5 indicate a heightened likelihood of the firm defaulting within two years. The O-Score stands as a robust tool in financial analysis, offering nuanced insights into a company's financial stability with a remarkable degree of accuracy.

Z-score changeAs a wise man once said that:
1. beginners think in $ change
2. intermediates think in % change
3. pros think in Z change
Here is the "Z-score change" indicator that calculates up/down moves normalized by standard deviation (volatility) displayed as bar chart with 1,2 and 3 stdev levels.

MVRV Z-ScoreThe MVRV ratio was created by Murad Mahmudov & David Puell. It simply compares Market Cap to Realised Cap, presenting a ratio (MVRV = Market Cap / Realised Cap). The MVRV Z-Score is a later version, refining the metric by normalising the peaks and troughs of the data.

Z-Scored Volume [KFB Quant]The Z-Scored Volume (CSV) indicator is designed to make it easier to identity potential market extremes.
What is the Z-Score?
The Z-Score is a statistical measure that quantifies how far a particular data point is from the mean of a group of data. It's expressed in terms of standard deviations from the mean.
How to calculate the Z-Score?
Z-Score = (Value - Mean) / StDev
How the script works
In this script we calculate the Z-Score of the charts volume.
We get the Mean of the predefined period in the Length Configuration tab by using the ta.sma function.
We get the StDev of the predefined period in the Length Configuration tab by using the ta.stdev function.
The default period is 360.
Past performance does not guarantee future results. This indicator is for informational & educational purposes only.

Z-ScoreThe "Z-Score" indicator is a unique and powerful tool designed to help traders identify overbought and oversold conditions in the market. Below is an explanation of its features, usefulness, and what makes it special:
Features:
Z-Score Calculation: The indicator calculates the Z-Score, a statistical measure that represents how far the current price is from the moving average (MA) in terms of standard deviations. It helps identify extreme price movements.
Customizable Parameters: Traders can adjust key parameters such as the Z-Score threshold, the type of MA (e.g., SMA, EMA), and the length of the moving average to suit their trading preferences.
Signal Options: The indicator offers flexibility in terms of signaling. Traders can choose whether to trigger signals when the Z-Score crosses the specified threshold or when it moves away from the threshold.
Visual Signals : Z-Score conditions are represented visually on the chart with color-coded background highlights. Overbought conditions are marked with a red background, while oversold conditions are indicated with a green background.
Information Table: A dynamic information table displays essential details, including the MA type, MA length, MA value, standard deviation, current price, and Z-Score. This information table helps traders make informed decisions.
Usefulness:
Overbought and Oversold Signals: Z-Score is particularly valuable for identifying overbought and oversold market conditions. Traders can use this information to potentially enter or exit positions.
Statistical Analysis: The Z-Score provides a statistical measure of price deviation, offering a data-driven approach to market analysis.
Customization: Traders can customize the indicator to match their trading strategies and preferences, enhancing its adaptability to different trading styles.
Visual Clarity: The visual signals make it easy for traders to quickly spot potential trade opportunities on the price chart.
In summary, the Z-Score indicator is a valuable tool for traders looking to incorporate statistical analysis into their trading strategies. Its customizability, visual signals, and unique statistical approach make it an exceptional choice for identifying overbought and oversold market conditions and potential trading opportunities.

Z-Score - AsymmetrikZ-Score-Asymmetrik User Manual
Introduction
The Z-Score Indicator is a powerful tool used in technical analysis to measure how far a data point is from the mean value of a dataset, measured in terms of standard deviations. This indicator helps traders identify potential overbought or oversold conditions in the market.
This user manual provides a comprehensive guide on how to use the Z-Score Indicator in TradingView.
0. Quickstart
- Set the thresholds based on your asset (number of standard deviations that you consider being extreme for this asset / timeframe).
- Red background indicates a possible overbought situation, green background an oversold one.
- The color and direction of the Z-Score Line acts as a confirmation of the trend reversal.
1. Indicator Overview
The Z-Score Indicator, also known as the Z-Score Oscillator, is designed to display the Z-Score of a selected financial instrument on your TradingView chart. The Z-Score measures how many standard deviations an asset's price is from its mean (average) price over a specified period.
The indicator consists of the following components:
- Z-Score Line: This line represents the Z-Score value and is displayed on the indicator panel.
- Background Color: The background color of the indicator panel changes based on user-defined thresholds.
2. Inputs
The indicator provides several customizable inputs to tailor it to your specific trading preferences:
- Number of Periods: This input allows you to define the number of periods over which the Z-Score will be calculated. A longer period will provide a smoother Z-Score line but may be less responsive to recent price changes.
- Z-Score Low Threshold: Sets the lower threshold value for the Z-Score. When the Z-Score crosses below this threshold, the background color of the indicator panel changes accordingly.
- Z-Score High Threshold: Sets the upper threshold value for the Z-Score. When the Z-Score crosses above this threshold, the background color of the indicator panel changes accordingly.
3. How to Use the Indicator
Here are the steps to use the Z-Score Indicator:
- Adjust Parameters: Modify the indicator's inputs as needed. You can change the number of periods for the Z-Score calculation and set your desired low and high thresholds.
- Interpret the Indicator: Observe the Z-Score line on the indicator panel. It fluctuates above and below zero. Pay attention to the background color changes when the Z-Score crosses your specified thresholds.
4. Interpreting the Indicator
- Z-Score Line: The Z-Score line represents the current Z-Score value. When it is above zero, it suggests that the asset's price is above the mean, indicating potential overvaluation. When below zero, it suggests undervaluation.
- Background Color: The background color of the indicator panel changes based on the Z-Score's position relative to the specified thresholds. Green indicates the Z-Score is below the low threshold (potential undervaluation), while red indicates it is above the high threshold (potential overvaluation).
- Z-Score Line Color: The color of the Z-Score line shows that the Z-Score is trending up compared to its moving average. This can be used as a validation of the background color.
5. Customization Options
You can customize the Z-Score Indicator in the following ways:
- Adjust Inputs: Modify the number of periods and the Z-Score thresholds.
- Change Line and Background Colors: You can customize the colors of the Z-Score line and background by editing the indicator's script.
6. Troubleshooting
If you encounter any issues while using the Z-Score Indicator, make sure to check the following:
- Ensure that the indicator is applied correctly to your chart.
- Verify that the indicator's inputs match your intended settings.
- Contact me for more support if needed
7. Conclusion
The Z-Score Indicator is a valuable tool for traders and investors to identify potential overbought and oversold conditions in the market. By understanding how the Z-Score works and customizing it to your preferences, you can integrate it into your trading strategy to make informed decisions.
Remember that trading involves risk, and it's essential to combine technical indicators like the Z-Score with other analysis methods and risk management strategies for successful trading.

VWMA/SMA Delta Volatility (Statistical Anomaly Detector)The "VWMA/SMA Delta Volatility (Statistical Anomaly Detector)" indicator is a tool designed to detect and visualize volatility in a financial market's price data. The indicator calculates the difference (delta) between two moving averages (VWMA/SMA) and uses statistical analysis to identify anomalies or extreme price movements. Here's a breakdown of its components:
Hypothesis:
The hypothesis behind this indicator is that extreme price movements or anomalies in the market can be detected by analyzing the difference between two moving averages and comparing it to a statistically derived normal distribution. When the MA delta (the difference between two MAs: VWMA/SMA) exceeds a certain threshold based on standard deviation and the Z-score coefficient, it may indicate increased market volatility or potential trading opportunities.
Calculation of MA Delta:
The indicator calculates the MA delta by subtracting a simple moving average (SMA) from a volume-weighted moving average (VWMA) of a selected price source. This calculation represents the difference in the market's short-term and long-term trends.
Statistical Analysis:
To detect anomalies, the indicator performs statistical analysis on the MA delta. It calculates a moving average (MA) of the MA delta and its standard deviation over a specified sample size. This MA acts as a baseline, and the standard deviation is used to measure how much the MA delta deviates from the mean.
Delta Normalization:
The MA delta, lower filter, and upper filter are normalized using a function that scales them to a specific range, typically from -100 to 100. Normalization helps in comparing these values on a consistent scale and enhances their visual representation.
Visual Representation:
The indicator visualizes the results through histograms and channels:
The histogram bars represent the normalized MA delta. Red bars indicate negative and below-lower-filter values, green bars indicate positive and above-upper-filter values, and silver bars indicate values within the normal range.
It also displays a Z-score channel, which represents the upper and lower filters after normalization. This channel helps traders identify price levels that are statistically significant and potentially indicative of market volatility.
In summary, the "MA Delta Volatility (Statistical Anomaly Detector)" indicator aims to help traders identify abnormal price movements in the market by analyzing the difference between two moving averages and applying statistical measures. It can be a valuable tool for traders looking to spot potential opportunities during periods of increased volatility or to identify potential market anomalies.

Realized Profit & Loss [BigBeluga]The Realized Loss & Profit indicator aims to find potential dips and tops in price by utilizing the security function syminfo.basecurrency + "_LOSSESADDRESSES".
The primary objective of this indicator is to present an average, favorable buying/selling opportunity based on the number of people currently in profit or loss.
The script takes into consideration the syminfo.basecurrency, so it should automatically adapt to the current coin.
🔶 USAGE
Users have the option to enable the display of either Loss or Profit, depending on their preferred visualization.
Examples of displaying Losses:
Example of displaying Profits:
🔶 CONCEPTS
The concept aims to assign a score to the data in the ticker representing the realized losses. This score will provide users with an average of buying/selling points that are better to the typical investor.
🔶 SETTINGS
Users have complete control over the script settings.
🔹 Calculation
• Profit: Display people in profit on an average of the selected length.
• Loss: Display people in loss on an average of the selected length.
🔹 Candle coloring
• True: Color the candle when data is above the threshold.
• False: Do not color the candle.
🔹 Levels
- Set the level of a specific threshold.
• Low: Low losses (green).
• Normal: Low normal (yellow).
• Medium: Low medium (orange).
• High: Low high (red).
🔹 Z-score Length: Length of the z-score moving window.
🔹 Threshold: Filter out non-significant values.
🔹 Histogram width: Width of the histogram.
🔹 Colors: Modify the colors of the displayed data.
🔶 LIMITATIONS
• Since the ticker from which we obtain data works only on the daily timeframe, we are
restricted to displaying data solely from the 1D timeframe.
• If the coin does not have any realized loss data, we can't use this script.

Extreme Reversal SignalThe Extreme Reversal Signal is designed to signal potential pivot points when the price of an asset becomes extremely overbought or oversold. Extreme conditions typically signal a brief or extensive price reversal, offering valuable entry or exit points. It's important to note that this indicator may produce multiple signals, making it essential to corroborate these signals with other forms of analysis to determine their validity. While the default settings provide valuable insights, it might be beneficial to experiment with different configurations to ensure the indicator's efficacy.
Two primary conditions define extremely overbought and oversold states. The first condition is that the price must deviate by two standard deviations from the 20-day Simple Moving Average (SMA). The second condition is that the 3-day SMA of the 14-day Stochastic Oscillator (STO) derived from the 14-day Relative Strength Index (RSI) is above or below the upper or lower limit.
Oversold states arise when the first condition is met and the 3-day SMA of the 14-day Stochastic RSI falls below the lower limit, suggesting a buy signal. These are visually represented by green triangles below the price bars. Overbought states arise when the first condition is met and the 3-day SMA of the 14-day Stochastic RSI rises above the upper limit, suggesting a sell signal. These are visually represented by red triangles above the price bars. It's also possible to set up automated alerts to get notifications when either of these two conditions is met to avoid missing out.
While this indicator has traditionally identified overbought and oversold conditions in various different assets, past performance does not guarantee future results. Therefore, it is advisable to supplement this indicator with other technical tools. For instance, trend indicators can greatly improve the decision-making process when planning for entries and exit points.

The Z-score The Z-score, also known as the standard score, is a statistical measurement that describes a value's relationship to the mean of a group of values. It's measured in terms of standard deviations from the mean. If a Z-score is 0, it indicates that the data point's score is identical to the mean score. Z-scores may be positive or negative, with a positive value indicating the score is above the mean and a negative score indicating it is below the mean.
The concept of Z-score was introduced by statistician Carl Friedrich Gauss as part of his "method of the least squares," which was an important step in the development of the normal distribution and Z-score tables. It's a key concept in statistics and is used in various statistical tests.
In financial analysis, Z-scores are used to determine whether a data point is usual or unusual. You can think of it as a measure of how many standard deviations an element is from the mean. For instance, a Z-score of 1.0 would denote a value that is one standard deviation from the mean. Z-scores are also used to predict probabilities, with Z-scores having a distribution that is expected to be normal.
In trading, a Z-score is used to determine how often a trading system may produce a string of winners or losers. It can help a trader to understand whether the losses or profits they see are something that the system would most likely produce, or if it's a once in a blue moon situation. This helps traders make decisions about when to start or stop a system.
I just wanted to play a bit with the Z-score I guess.
Feel free to share your findings if you discover additional applications for this strategy or identify timeframes where it appears to perform more optimally.
How it works:
This strategy is based on a statistical concept called Z-score, which measures the number of standard deviations a data point is from the mean. In other words, it helps determine how unusual or usual a data point is.
In the context of this strategy, Z-score is applied to a 10-period EMA (Exponential Moving Average) of Heikin-Ashi candlestick close prices. The Z-score is calculated over a look-back period of 25 bars.
The EMA of the Z-score is then calculated over a 20-bar period, and the upper and lower thresholds (bounds for buy and sell signals) are defined using the 90th and 10th percentiles of this EMA score.
Long positions are taken when the Z-score crosses above the lower threshold or crosses above the mid-line (50th percentile). An additional long entry is made when the Z-score crosses above the highest value the EMA has been in the past 100 periods.
Short positions are initiated when the EMA crosses below the upper threshold, lower threshold or the highest value the EMA has been in the past 100 periods.
Positions are closed when opposing entry conditions are met, for example, a long position is closed when the short entry condition is true, and vice versa.
Set your desired start date for the strategy. This can be modified in the timestamp("YYYY MM DD") function at the top of the script.

MVRV Z Score and MVRV Free Float Z-ScoreIMPORTANT: This script needs as much historic data as possible. Please run it on INDEX:BTCUSD , BNC:BLX or another chart of sufficient length.
MVRV
The MVRV (Market Value to Realised Value Ratio) simply divides bitcoins market cap by bitcoins realized market cap. This was previously impossible on Tradingview but has now been made possible thanks to Coinmetrics providing us with the realized market cap data.
In the free float version, the free float market cap is used instead of the regular market cap.
Z-Score
The MVRV Z-score divides the difference between Market cap and realized market cap by the historic standard deviation of the market cap.
Historically, this has been insanely accurate at detecting bitcoin tops and bottoms:
A Z-Score above 7 means bitcoin is vastly overpriced and at a local top.
A Z-Score below 0.1 means bitcoin is underpriced and at a local bottom.
In the free float version, the free float market cap is used instead of the regular market cap.
The Z-Score, also known as the standard score is hugely popular in a wide range of mathematical and statistical fields and is usually used to measure the number of standard deviations by which the value of a raw score is above or below the mean value of what is being observed or measured.
Credits
MVRV Z Score initially created by aweandwonder
MVRV initially created by Murad Mahmudov and David Puell

Z Bollinger BandsThis version of Bollinger Bands measures the average volatility. By taking the 75th percentile of the average absolute value of the difference between the Source and the Mean divided by the Standard Deviation and using that as our multiplier for our Bollinger bands we can have a statistically safe trading zone.
You notice that its dynamic, this is because it take into account the real volatility levels of a window and uses that to determine an appropriate multiplier. As always I hope you enjoy this release.